Kensington Additive's US Jobs Market Report

Kensington Additive's US Jobs Market Report

11 Jun 11:00 by Matt Smethurst


Could this be because US investment transactions in additive represent 54.2% of the global investment transaction portfolio made in 2018/19?[2]



This report is a summary of the AM job market in the US for 2018 and Q1 2019.

Covered in this report will be: AM jobs created by time zone, comparisons made by job position, vertical market comparison that during this time period have adopted AM, and the markets creating AM roles.

Specifically, job market data has been collected from 2018 and 2019, with a particular focus on Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, allowing us to accurately present comparisons within the job market.



Section 1. Additive Manufacturing Jobs Created by Time Zone


The chart (see left)[3] shows the comparison from Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, in relation to AM jobs by time zone. The time zones represented in the data are: Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific. In total, in Q1 2018 there were 233 roles created, whereas in Q1 2019, there were 458 roles created; this is a 96.6% increase from Q1 2018, and shows the growth in the industry.

Eastern created the most roles in Q1 2018, creating 102 out of 233 roles in total, this being a 43.8% share of all roles for this time period. In Q1 2019, Eastern created 195 roles, which was a 91.2% increase from Q1 2018, however, Eastern share has reduced in Q1 2019 given the rise in roles created in other regions. Q1 2019 Eastern had a reduced share of all roles, with 42.6% compared to 43.8% in the previous year. The main companies creating roles in this time zone are: Arconic, Eaton, Formlabs, Materialise, and Xometry.

In Q1 2018 Central created 72 roles, representing 30.9% of all the roles created in Q1 2018. Compared to Q1 2019, Central had a 56.9% increase in roles, however, on whole, the share was reduced having 24.7% of the roles created in Q1 2019. In Q1 2019, Central created 113 roles out of 458 for all time zones. In Central the main companies creating jobs during this period were: Arconic, Eastman, Emerson Automation Solutions, EOS, and Stratasys.

Mountain follows, creating 31 roles in Q1 2018, this being 13.3% of all roles created in this time. Similarly to the other three regions, Mountain has also seen an increase in roles from Q1 2018 to Q1 2019, however, only by 19.4%. The share of Q1 2019 roles created was 8.1% and Mountain had 37 roles in Q1 2019. As the data shows, Mountain has the lowest jobs created in Q1 2018 and Q1 2019; this is because of the remoteness of the time zone and the low population density. The main companies that created roles in Q1 2019 in this geographical location are: CVI Laser Optics, Northrop Grumman, Sandia National Laboratories, and Stratasys.

Pacific created 58 roles in Q1 2018, signifying a 24.9% share of all roles created in this timeframe. Pacific saw a 94.8% increase in roles from Q1 2018 to Q1 2019, creating 113 positions, but saw a very minor reduction in job share during Q1 2019, having 24.7% share of all roles. In the Pacific time zone, the main companies creating roles are: Boeing, Carbon, HP, Northrop Grumman, and Relativity.

The data shows that each of these time zones have seen growth from Q1 2018 to Q1 2019, with the split of roles becoming more evenly distributed, however, Eastern is still the dominant time zone even after a slight reduction in the overall share of roles.


This chart (see left)[4], shows the distribution of AM jobs created in 2018 across North America, covering the following time zones: Pacific, Eastern, Mountain, and Central. The total number of jobs created was 1,246. Eastern was the time zone with the most jobs created with 561, equating to 45% of the total number of jobs created for the year. The next time zone was Central, which had 343 out of 1,246 created, equating to 27.5% of all roles. The time zone with the least amount of jobs created is Mountain, creating 84 jobs being 6.7% of all roles in 2018. The Pacific time zone created 257 jobs in 2018, equating to 20.6% of all jobs created.



Section 2. Comparison of Additive Manufacturing Job Positions

Executive - Director of Additive Operations, Director of Innovation, Direct of Sales, Chief Technology Officer, Vice President, and others.
Manager - Business Development Manager, Innovation Lead, Product Manager, Sales Manager, Technical Sales Manager, and others.
Technical - AM Engineer, AM Lead, Application Engineer, DfAM Engineer, Service Engineer, and others.
Shop Floor - AM Operator, AM Technician, Technician, and others.
Intern - Embedded Engineer Intern, Intern - AM Engineer, R&D Intern, and others.


This chart (see left)[5], shows the distribution of different AM jobs by position. In total in 2018, there were 1,246 jobs advertised. The position with the most job postings was Technical, with 711 jobs created, equating to 57.1% of all roles advertised. ShopFloor was the job position that created the next highest amount of roles, with 287 out of 1,246, equating to 23%. Managerial roles accounted for 197 roles, this equating to 16% of all roles created. There were 27 intern roles created in 2018, equating to 2.2% with there also being 24 Executive roles created, equating to 1.9%. Looking at the year as a whole we can see that Technical roles lead the way in terms of jobs created, with more than 50% of all roles in 2018 being Technical roles (57%).


The chart on the left[6] shows the comparison from Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, in relation to AM job positions. The job positions represented are: Executive, Manager, Technical, Shop Floor, and Intern. In total for Q1 2018, there were 233 roles advertised, whereas in Q1 2019, there were 458 roles advertised; this is a 96.6% increase from Q1 2018 and shows the growth within the sector.

The first job position covered is Executive positions. In Q1 2018, there were 10 Executive roles created, which equates to 3.8% of all the roles created in this time. In Q1 2019, Executive roles saw an increase of 150%, with 25 roles created. There was also an increase in share of the roles, with Executive positions having a 5.5% share of all jobs advertised in Q1 2019.

The number of jobs marketed in Q1 2018 of a Managerial level was 29, representing 11% of all roles within this period of time. In Q1 2019, there were 66 Manager level roles created, meaning there was a 127.6% increase from Q1 2018, whilst also demonstrating a slight increase in share size, going from 11% to 14.6%.

There were 156 Technical roles created in Q1 2018, and this was 59.3% of all roles created in Q1 2018. Comparably in Q1 2019, there were 294 Technical roles created, an 88.5% increase. The share of Technical roles also increased in Q1 2019, as Technical roles made up 64.9% of all roles created. Technical based positions were of the highest demand in the sector, growing significantly from Q1 2018 to Q1 2019.

In Q1 2018 there were 43 Shop Floor roles created, this being 16.3% of all positions created in the timeframe. Shop Floor roles saw a steady decline in job share from Q1 2018 to Q1 2019, with the positions having 11.9% share in roles created. In Q1 2019 there were 54 Shop Floor roles created, this being a 25.6% increase from Q1 2018.

There were 25 Intern positions created, this being a 9.5% share of all the roles created within this time. Intern roles, however, did see a decline in share size, going from 9.5% to 3.1%. Intern roles also saw a 44% decrease from Q1 2018 to Q1 2019, with there being 14 Intern positions created in Q1 2019.



Section 3. Verticals who have Adopted Additive Manufacturing

Other - Fashion, General Manufacturing, Mining, Textiles, and others.


This chart (see left)[7], shows the verticals that have adopted and advertised AM roles in Q1 2018. The verticals are: Automotive, Aerospace/Defence, Medical/Dental, Apparel, and Other. The Aerospace/Defence market advertised the most roles, with 18 out of the 30 total roles, equating to 60% of all roles advertised. The Automotive industry advertised 5 roles, equating to 16.7%, with the Other advertising 4 jobs in Q1 2018, being 13.3% of all jobs advertised. Apparel had a 6.7% share of the roles advertised in Q1 2018 with 2 roles. The Medical/Dental advertised 1 role, equating to 3.3% of all roles. The data shows us that Aerospace/Defence was the dominant vertical market in Q1 2018.


In Q1 2019[8], 21 roles for the Aerospace/Defence sector were advertised, which equals to 43.75% of the vertical share. However, in comparison to Q1 2018, this vertical saw a decrease in job advertisement.

Comparatively, the Wohlers Report 2019 outlined a 1.2% decline in the Aerospace sector, which supports our statistics (Wohlers, 2019: 25)[9]. The Automotive industry advertised 9 roles, which is an 80% increase from Q1 2018. The Other category advertised 3 roles, which is a 25% decrease from Q1 2018. Apparel had seen a 50% increase, advertising 3 roles, in comparison with 2 in the previous year.

The biggest increase came from the Medical/Dental industry that has seen a rise of 1,100%, advertising 12 roles, compared to only 1 role in Q1 2018. This increase may be attributed to the prices of AM systems dropping, as well as the quality of parts improving.



Section 4. Materials and Processes Roles in Additive Manufacturing Being Advertised

Other - Ceramics, Composites, Glass, and others.


This graph (see left)[10], shows the number of jobs advertised within AM by identifying the sectors of which they belong to in Q1 2018. The materials and processes are: Metals, Polymers and, Software. In total, 28 roles within these materials and processes were advertised in Q1 2018. Metal was the leading material within AM in regards to roles advertised, with 13 out of 28, equating to 46.6% of all roles. The Polymer market advertised 8 out of 28, equating to 28.6% of all roles in 2018. The final material and process within AM is Software, of which there were 7 roles created out of 28, this equating to 25% of all roles advertised. The data shows that Metal based roles dominated the AM job market, with Polymers and Software roles maintaining a similar number of jobs in Q1 2018.


This graph (see left)[11], shows Q1 2019 and the roles that were advertised within AM materials and processes. The materials and processes represented in Q1 2019 are: Metals, Polymers, Software, Desktop, Post-Processing, and Other. As the chart shows, there were three new materials and processes within AM where roles were created: Desktop, Post-Processing, and Other.In comparison to Q1 2018, where 28 roles were advertised, in Q1 2019 there were 84 roles advertised; this is a 200% increase from Q1 2018 to Q1 2019. As we can see from the graph, the materials and processes aren’t as evenly split, this shows the increase in job flow in other materials and processes within AM, and what may be a rise in the variety of materials within the industry.

Metals are still dominant with the most roles advertised; 31 out of 84 roles. Metals saw a 138.4% increase in roles advertised compared to Q1 2018, this demonstrated the development of material demand. Polymers advertised 30 out of the total 84 roles. Similarly to Metals, Polymers have seen a huge increase from Q1 2018, with a 275% increase. Software based roles advertised 16 out of the 84 roles advertised in Q1 2019, seeing a 128.5% increase from Q1 2018. Desktop and Post-Processing were two new materials and processes that had not advertised roles in Q1 2018, however, in Q1 2019 they advertised two each. The Other category advertised three roles, compared to 0 in Q1 2018.




Section 1

As per the Wohlers Report 2019, the AM industry is expected to experience significant growth in the next 5 years, with an estimated value of $35.6 billion by 2024 compared to $9.79 billion in 2018 (Wohlers, 2019: 341)[12]. The Pacific region has experienced the biggest percentage increase in job creation when comparing Q1 2018 to Q1 2019. This could be due to a number of start-up companies within this geographical location reaching the same level of maturity at the same time, which has driven a demand for talent.

Section 2

There has been a rise in the demand for technical positions where skills include: Applications, Services, Sales, and DfAM. We have seen a shift away from AM being viewed as a R&D/hobbyist sector, with a sole focus on the technology, to a shift towards what AM can offer the customer, such as reduction in cost and flexibility. AM companies are looking to employ more technical level positions to support this process and further realise ROI.

Section 3

This is a good representation of what Kensington Additive have experienced, with more vertical markets increasingly looking to invest in AM from construction, electronics, fashion, general manufacturing, mining, power & energy, and textiles.

The Automotive sector is also experiencing growth and seeing a rise in demand for AM professionals. This could be down to AM price reductions for system and economies of scale.

The growth within the Medical and Dental sector could be the result of increasing investment in companies, such as SmileDirectClub.

Furthermore, the maturity of AM delivers a cost reduction, paired with the integration in the supply chain, this will affect the job market and over time the demand for certain positions will decrease. However, new jobs will be created, this meaning the companies who train and embed candidates into the journey will continue to remain competitive.

Section 4

Kensington Additive believe 2019 will see an increase in demand for positions in a wider portfolio of materials and processes, such as ceramics, composites, glass, thermoplastic polymers, resin development, steel powders, and sand. We also feel there is likely to be job creation within these areas from a materials perspective. Further advancements in traditional metals and polymers will also see an increased stance in the US job market. Kensington Additive believe 2019 will see a significant increase in software and design jobs, as the demand for bespoke computational design tools will be on the rise.



About Kensington Additive

Kensington Additive are specialist recruiters who have been consultants in the industry since 2014, establishing an unrivalled network of talent across the globe. Successfully partnering with some of the market leading machine manufacturers, end-users, powder producers, and service bureaus across North America, Europe, and the UK.



[1] Data sourced from LinkedIn Jobs, all US job boards, and direct company websites during 2018 and Q1 2019

[2] Wohlers Associates (2019) Wohlers Report 2019: 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, State of the Industry: 339 CO, USA: Wohlers Associates, Inc.

[3] Data sourced from LinkedIn Jobs, all US job boards, and direct company websites

[4] Data sourced from LinkedIn Jobs and Indeed

[5] Data sourced from LinkedIn Jobs, all US job boards, and direct company websites

[6] Data sourced from LinkedIn Jobs, all US job boards, and direct company websites

[7] Data sourced from LinkedIn Jobs and Indeed

[8] Data sourced from LinkedIn Jobs, all US job boards, and direct company websites

[9] Wohlers Associates (2019) Wohlers Report 2019: 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, State of the Industry. CO, USA: Wohlers Associates, Inc.

[10] Sourced from: LinkedIn Jobs

[11] Sourced from: Direct company websites, US job boards, and LinkedIn Jobs. January-March 2019.

[12] Wohlers Associates (2019) Wohlers Report 2019: 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, State of the Industry. CO, USA: Wohlers Associates, Inc.